Mumbai Doctors Confirm A Rise In Heat-related Disease - Here's How To Deal With It

As Maharashtra sees a rise in daytime temperatures, in an exclusive conversation with Mumbai Live, experts have shared about the rise in heat exhaustion cases and how to avoid or deal with such situations./

Mumbai Doctors Confirm A Rise In Heat-related Disease - Here's How To Deal With It
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The India Meteorological Department (IMD), in its updated forecast on Monday, May 9, warned of severe heat wave conditions at isolated places in Maharashtra’s Vidarbha district till May 12.

The weather department has issued a yellow alert for seven districts in north madhya Maharashtra and Vidarbha, including Nagpur, Wardha, Yavatmal, Washim, Akola, Chandrapur and Amravati.

Meanwhile, on Sunday, May 9, IMD’s 10 weather stations in Vidarbha recorded a maximum temperature in excess of 40 degrees Celsius.

Owing to this, there have been a rise in the cases of heat exhaustion and heat stroke across Maharashtra. On Sunday, the highest maximum temperature reported across Maharashtra was 44.9 degrees Celsius at Bramhapuri in Vidarbha. Moreover, apart from this, several places in the state saw a temperature of more than 40 degree Celsius.

Explaining in detail, Dr. Smita Naram Co-Founder, Ayushakti said: “With the increasing heat wave, heat exhaustion cases are also rising amongst people. Heat exhaustion happens when a person has headaches, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and muscle cramps. One should not mix heat exhaustion with heatstroke.”

On the other hand, confirming about the same, Dr. Sunita Dube, MD Radiologist, Philanthropist, and Healthcare Entrepreneur exclaimed that here has been an increase in heatstroke patients for the past 15 days. She further stated, “The majority of the patients have diabetes and low blood pressure, and the elderly and pregnant women are also being affected. At Aryan hospital, we got a few patients with heatstroke and we have taken the necessary precautions and are doing our best to treat the patients with the utmost care also created awareness with local doctors to educate their patients and relatives about summer-related medical issues.”

“I would suggest everyone contact their doctor if their signs or symptoms worsen or if they don't improve within an hour. If you are with someone showing signs of heat exhaustion, seek immediate medical attention if he or she becomes agitated, loses consciousness, or is unable to drink. You will need immediate cooling and urgent medical attention if your core body temperature reaches 104 F (40 C) or higher than these,” Dube added.

However, Mumbai and Pune may continue to witness cloudy skies in the coming days. IMD’s Santacruz and Colaba observatory on Monday, May 9, recorded day maximum temperature at 35.1 and 33.5 degrees Celsius. Though there is a possibility of further rise in the maximum daytime temperature in the coming days this month before the monsoon arrives, experts mentioned.

“Heat exhaustion includes exposure to high temperatures and gets vast day by day in Mumbai, particularly when combined with high humidity, and strenuous physical activity. Without prompt treatment, there is a high possibility that it will lead to heatstroke, it's a life-threatening condition. We have been seeing cases of heat exhaustion with patients complaining of acute headache, giddiness, fainting, muscle cramps, and other things in our hospital. The doctors have been seeing 3 to 4 such cases every 10 days,” Dr. Dube explained.

Measures to avoid with heat-related diseases

  • To keep the body cool and balanced one must have lots and lots of liquid during the day in different forms.
  • Switch to vegetable juices and/or fruit juices instead of aerated drinks. Consume fruits such as melons, pomegranates, and bananas.
  • Wear light-colored clothing and loose-fitting clothing to keep your body at a comfortable temperature.
  • Cold refreshments such as Coconut water is the ideal summer drink.
  • Avoid alcohol since they dehydrate the body, which is detrimental.
  • Eat light food throughout the day, like moong khichdi, moong salad, soup, squashes, etc., All of these practices help me stay active during the summer.
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