Central Railways: Deccan Queen Completes 92 years

This was the first deluxe train introduced on the railway to serve 2 important cities of the region and was aptly named after Pune.

Central Railways: Deccan Queen Completes 92 years

The introduction of ‘’Deccan Queen’’ between the two premier cities of Maharashtra on 1 June 1930 was a major landmark in the history of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, the forerunner of the Central Railways (CR). This was the first deluxe train introduced on the railway to serve 2 important cities of the region and was aptly named after Pune, which is also known as ‘’Queen of Deccan’’ (‘’Dakkhan ki Rani’’).

Initially, the train was introduced with 2 rakes of 7 coaches each one of which was painted in silver with scarlet mouldings and the other with royal blue with gold lines. The underframes of the coaches of the original rakes were built in England while the coach bodies were built in the Matunga Workshop of the GIP Railway.

The Deccan Queen, initially, had only first class and second class accommodation. The first class was abolished on 1 January 1949 and the second class was redesigned as the first class, which continued up to June 1955 when the third class was introduced on this train for the first time. This was later re-designated as second class from April 1974 onwards. The coaches of the original rakes were replaced in 1966 by anti-telescopic steel bodied integral coaches built by Integral Coach Factory, Perambur. These coaches incorporated the improved design of bogies for better riding comfort and also improvements in the interior furnishings and fittings. The number of coaches in the rake was also increased to 12 from the original 7 coaches providing additional accommodation. Over the year the number of coaches on the train has been increased to the present level of 17 coaches.

From its inception, apart from providing high standards of comfort to the passengers, the train has witnessed various improvements such as the introduction, for the first time in India, of coaches with roller bearings, the replacement of end on generation coaches with self-generating coaches with 110 volts system and introduction of first and second class chair cars providing increased accommodation to passengers. The distinctive colour scheme of cream and oxford blue with a red band above the window level was adopted as the colour scheme for this train.

With the ever-growing aspirations of the travelling public for better amenities, improved standards of comfort and better quality of service, it was considered necessary to give a complete facelift to the Deccan Queen.

The rake was changed in 1995 with the following special features:

  • All newly manufactured or about a year old, air brake coaches.
  • The 5 first-class chair cars in the old rake were replaced by 5 AC chair cars providing an additional seating capacity of 65 in a dust-free environment. Also, the 9-second class chair cars provide an additional seating capacity of 120 seats compared to the old coaches. Thus, the new rake provided a total seating capacity of 1417 as against 1232 seats in the old rake i.e. an increase of 15%.
  • The dining car offers table service for 32 passengers and has modern pantry facilities such as a microwave oven, deep freezer and toaster. The dining car is also tastefully furnished with cushioned chairs and carpet.

The history of the Deccan Queen (Dakkhan ki Rani) is literally a tale of two cities. The public of both the cities is happy with the impeccable record of “right time start” and “arrival” of the Deccan Queen. Over the last 92 years of its colourful history, the train has grown from a mere medium of transportation between two cities into an institution binding generation of intensely loyal passengers.


With the attaching of the Vistadome coach which was introduced on 15.8.2021, presently the composition of Deccan Queen is 17 coaches including one Vistadome coach, 4 AC Chair Car, 9 Second Class Seating and 2-second class seating cum guard’s brake van and One Pantry Car.

LHB Coaches:

Railways have decided to replace all the Conventional coaches of Train no 12123/12124 CSMT-Pune-CSMT Deccan Queen Express with LHB coaches. The train with a revised composition of LHB coaches will now run ex CSMT with effect from 22.06.2022 and ex Pune with effect from 23.06.2022.

Revised composition: Four AC Chair Car, 8 Second Class Chair Car, One Vista dome coach, One AC Dining Car, One General Second class cum Guard’s brake van and Generator Car.

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