National guidelines for Dengue treatment and management released

A total 15 advisories were issued from time to time to States/UTs during 2021 for prevention and control of dengue including case management.

National guidelines for Dengue treatment and management released

The Union Government, on Friday, December 3, 2021, released the National guidelines developed on Dengue case treatment and management. As per reports, this project was performed in consultation with experts and shared with all States and UTs for implementation, and emphasize on the preparedness of hospitals for case treatment and management. In addition, a total 15 advisories were issued from time to time to States/UTs during 2021 for prevention and control of dengue including case management.

Data released until November 21, showed that a total of over 1,64 lakh cases have been reported due to dengue in the country, as against 2.05 lakh reported in 2019. The Case Fatality Rate has been sustained at <1% since 2008, and has further come down below 0.2% in 2018 and 0.1% in 2019, which has been maintained at this level since then. Accordingly, it cannot be said that the dengue cases are rising in the country.

The National Center for Vector Borne Diseases Control (NCVBDC) administers the National Vector Borne Diseases Control Programme (NVBDCP) for prevention and control of six vector borne diseases i.e., Malaria, Kala-azar, Lymphatic Filariasis, Dengue, Chikungunya & Japanese Encephalitis. The programme guidelines  and action plans for Dengue & other Vector Borne Diseases have been developed in consultation with Public Health Experts and States/UTs.

Also Read: Dengue Fever Cases Witness Over Six-Fold Surge This Year In Contrast To Last

Free diagnostic facilities through 713 Sentinel Surveillance Hospitals and 17 Apex Referral laboratories identified across the country are fully functional. 7.26 Lakh IgM tests have been provided by Government of India. Additional funds have been provided to states for procurement of NS1 kits for early diagnosis. Moreover, under the National Health Mission, necessary and sufficient budgetary support is provided to states/UTs for dengue control activities i.e., dengue case management, vector control activities (provision of domestic breeding checkers, insecticide, fogging machines etc), training support, awareness activities,etc.

As far as non-communicable diseases are concerned, The Department of Health & Family welfare, provides technical and financial support to the States/UTs under the National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS), as part of National Health Mission (NHM), based upon the proposals received from the States/UTs and subject to the resource envelope. 

The programme focuses on strengthening infrastructure, human resource development, health promotion & awareness generation for prevention, early diagnosis, management and referral to an appropriate level of health care facility for treatment of the non-communicable diseases.

A population-based initiative for prevention, control and screening of common, Non– Communicable Diseases (NCDs) i.e. diabetes, hypertension and common cancers have been rolled out in the country under NHM and also as a part of Comprehensive Primary Health Care. Under the initiative, persons  more  than  30  years  of  age  are   targeted   for   their   screening. Screening of these common NCDs is also an integral part of service delivery under Ayushman Bharat Health and Wellness Centres.

Also Read: Malaria, Dengue and Chikungunya cases rise in Mumbai

Preventive aspect of NCDs has been strengthened under Comprehensive Primary Health Care through Ayushman Bharat Health Wellness Centre scheme, by promotion of wellness activities and targeted communication at the community level. Other initiatives for increasing public awareness about NCDs and for promotion of healthy lifestyle includes observation of National and International Day and use of print, electronic and social media for continued community awareness. Furthermore, healthy eating is also promoted  through FSSAI.

National Multi-sectoral Action Plan (NMAP) for prevention and control of NCDs has been developed through series of consultations with various stakeholders including other ministries The action plan has identified action points for 39 ministries. The meetings have been conducted regularly involving public health experts from national level, United Nations Organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations.

Also Read: BMC Uses Drones At Dhobi Ghat To Prevent The Spread Of Dengue And Malaria

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