Upper Caste Reservation: Bill introduced in Lok Sabha; 10 per cent reservation for EWS

The Rajya Sabha proceeding has been extended for one day in order to pass the Savarna (Upper caste) reservation bill

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While the Maratha reservation is being challenged in Bombay High Court, the central government has declared 10 per cent reservation quota for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) for Savarna caste (upper caste) in government jobs and education. 

After the proposal was passed in the cabinet meeting on Monday led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the central government on Tuesday introduced the bill in Lok Sabha and plans to pass the bill providing 10 per cent reservation to EWS in upper caste. In order to pass the Savarna reservation bill, the Rajya Sabha proceeding has been extended for one day. 

With this decision, the reservation quota in Maharashtra will increase to 78 per cent. Earlier, with the Maratha reservation, the reservation quota in the state had already crossed the 50 per cent bar set by the Supreme Court. However, in the centre, the quota has increased from 49.5 per cent to 59.5 per cent. 

However, the implementation of the central government’s decision would be a tough task. The Indian constitutions permit granting reservation on the basis of caste and not economic status. It would require an amendment in the constitution to actualise the decision. 

The central government informed that the beneficiaries’ annual income should be less ₹8 lakh, should own a house in an urban area with less than 1000 square feet area, and should possess agricultural land which is less than five acres. 

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This move comes ahead of the 2019 Lok Sabha and general assembly polls. In the political circle, it is being discussed that this move is to attract the upper caste voters who openly protested against the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government after the SC/ST act was implemented. 

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